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2 edition of Refining and upgrading of synfuels from coal and oil shales by advanced catalytic processes found in the catalog.

Refining and upgrading of synfuels from coal and oil shales by advanced catalytic processes

Chevron Research Company

Refining and upgrading of synfuels from coal and oil shales by advanced catalytic processes

by Chevron Research Company

  • 295 Want to read
  • 40 Currently reading

Published by Dept. of Energy, for sale by the National Technical Information Service in [Washington], Springfield, Va .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Synthetic fuels

  • Edition Notes

    SeriesFE ; 2315-19
    ContributionsSullivan, Richard F., 1929-, United States. Dept. of Energy
    The Physical Object
    Paginationv. :
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL14879147M

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Refining and upgrading of synfuels from coal and oil shales by advanced catalytic processes by Chevron Research Company Download PDF EPUB FB2

Get this from a library. Refining upgrading of synfuels from coal and oil shales by advanced catalytic processes. [Richard F Sullivan; United States. Energy Research and Development Administration. Technical Information Center.]. Get this from a library.

Refining and upgrading of synfuels from coal and oil shales by advanced catalytic processes. [Richard F Sullivan; Chevron Research Company.; United States.

Department of Energy.]. @article{osti_, title = {Refining and upgrading of synfuels from coal and oil shales by advanced catalytic processes.

Quarterly report, October-December }, author = {Sullivan, R. F.}, abstractNote = {A second-stage hydrocracker feed was prepared by blending hydrotreated /sup 0/F/sup +/ Integrated Two-Stage Liquefaction (ITSL) product from Pilot Plant Run Technical Report: Refining and upgrading of synfuels from coal and oil shales by advanced catalytic processes.

Quarterly report, April-June   This text examines the thermal and catalytic processes involved in the refining of petroleum including visbreaking, coking, pyrolysis, catalytic cracking, oligomerization, alkylation, hydrofining, hydroisomerization, hydrocracking, and catalytic reforming.

It analyzes the thermodynamics, reaction mechanisms, and kinetics of each process, as well as5/5(2). The Synfuels GTL technology creates high quality high octane gasoline blendstock from natural gas, whether lean or rich. In contrast to the group of Fischer Tropsch technologies, which makes a product that is a blend of gas, liquid and wax, the Synfuels GTL product is only gasoline range material.

COAL, OIL SHALE, NATURAL BITUMEN, HEAVY OIL AND PEAT – Vol. II -The Chemistry of Shale Oil and Its Refining - S. Guo ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) are well-known catalytic poisons in various refining processes.

They cause stability problems in gasoline, jet and diesel fuels, and produce NOx emissions in burners. Frumkin, H. A., Refining and upgrading of synfuels from coal and oil shales by advanced catalytic processes, tenth interim report.

Revised stock balances and updated cost estimates. DOE/ET/T23, National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA, Cited by: from ground. black, gooey liquid with s of combustible hydrocarbons and small amounts of S, O and N impurities.

also know as light oil, sweet oil, and conventional oil steps in using crude oil 1. crude oil found in pores and cracks in underground rock in which we drill vertical/horizontal wells. oil sinks to bottom and is then pumped to surface. How do the environmental problems associated with the use of synfuels compare to those of coal, oil, and natural gas.

Many of same undesirable effects as fossil fuels, requires a lot of water in order to extract. Petroleum refining - Petroleum refining - Catalytic cracking: The use of thermal cracking units to convert gas oils into naphtha dates from before These units produced small quantities of unstable naphthas and large amounts of by-product coke.

While they succeeded in providing a small increase in gasoline yields, it was the commercialization of the fluid catalytic cracking process in. Oil shale may contain between 60 and 90% mineral matter (non-organic), while coal will contain, by definition, less than 40%.

The kerogen within oil shale is also of different organic composition than coal, which enjoys a more matured organic makeup that is lower in. Shale oil, in fossil fuel production, either a synthetic crude oil that is extracted from oil shale by means of pyrolysis or a naturally occurring crude oil that is extracted from underground shale deposits by means of fracking (hydraulic fracturing).

In the extraction of oil from oil shales, intense heat is used to break down a waxy organic matter called kerogen that is contained in the.

Oil shale is a type of sedimentary rock that is rich in kerogen. Kerogen is a part of rock that breaks down and releases hydrocarbons when heated. Hydrocarbons are substances made entirely of hydrogen and carbon. Petroleum and natural gas are probably the most familiar hydrocarbons.

The hydrocarbons in oil shale can be used as an alternative to petroleum or natural gas. An oil refinery or petroleum refinery is an industrial process plant where crude oil is transformed and refined into more useful products such as petroleum naphtha, gasoline, diesel fuel, asphalt base, heating oil, kerosene, liquefied petroleum gas, jet fuel and fuel oils.

Petrochemicals feed stock like ethylene and propylene can also be produced directly by cracking crude oil without the need.

Catalytic, Inc. Solvent Refined Coal Calison, N. UTC Combined-Cycle System for Low-Btu Gas Use Sullivan, R. Chevron Research Refining and Upgrading of Synfuels from Coal and Oil Shales by Advance Catalytic Processes Fant, B.

Exxon Research and Engineering EDS Coal Liquefaction Process Development-Phase III Moluyen, B. This banner text can have markup. web; books; video; audio; software; images; Toggle navigation. 1. Power Point Presentation On Formation, Occurrence, Extraction And Refining Of Coal And Petroleum.

Submitted By: Satya Patra, VIII B, Roll No. 22 2. Introduction Coal Coal is a non-renewable, combustible, hard, black solid substance, consisting chiefly of carbonised plant matter, found mainly in underground seams and used as fuel.

This paper deals with experimental studies on cutting oil shale by high-pressure water jets. Refining and upgrading of synfuels from coal and oil shales by advanced catalytic processes.

Oil shales must however be mined and heated in ovens (pyrolysis) to generate the petroleum and the energy for the heating is taken from the burning of the oil shales. The release of CO 2 is therefore high also during production.

Oil shales may only contain 5–10% organic matter and the volume of waste will then be 10–20 times the oil by: 2. A look at what shale oil is, why it could change the world, and how it could change the world. Shale gas could also change the world and will soon become the most popular fuel sourceAuthor: Environmental News Network.The catalytic hydrogenation of heavy oil and mixed coal-heavy oil (coprocessing) systems has been the focus of a recent study at the Federal Energy Technology Center (FETC).

The intent of this effort was to extend the use of coal liquefaction technologies to heavy oil upgrading and coprocessing by: 4. Effective and economic processing of high viscous oil and oil residues needs not only improvements of the existing methods, such as thermal, catalytic and hydro-cracking, but the development of new technological approaches for upgrading and Cited by: 3.